Dog poisonings seem to be on the increase.
Some local vets said they handled a few incidents of dog poisonings during the last month.
Four Dobermanns were poisoned in Joe Slovo Street last week.
Local vet, Dr Louis Bosch, was called out and treated the animals.
Three of the dogs died and one spent a few nights in the animal hospital.
The owner of the dogs noticed small bags with meat in his yard when he went outside on Wednesday morning (5 July).
By that time three of his dogs had already eaten of the meat.
White foam came from their mouths.
Another local vet, Dr Talitha Lubbe said she handled about five cases of dog poisoning in the past two months and in most cases the dogs were poisoned during the night and were already dead by the time their owners found them.
She could save one Fox terrier.
She said the poisonings occurred mostly during long weekends and the school holidays.
EMERGENCY TREATMENT FOR POISONING
GET YOUR DOG TO VOMIT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
1) Feed the dog 15ml Hydrogen peroxide solution (B.P. 10 volume 3% m/m”). Use a syringe to administer the medicine slowly into the animal’s mouth. Avoid getting the liquid into the lungs.
2) Alternatively, you can dissolve a teaspoon of laundry soap in a cup of lukewarm boiled water. Use a syringe do administer the medicine.
3) After the dog vomits, feed it 5-6 activated charcoal tablets (you can buy these at any pharmacy) to absorb and neutralise any remaining poison in the stomach.
4) If these tablets are not available, take four slices of white bread and toast it in the oven to charred pieces. Dampen it with lukewarm boiled water and then use your finger to slowly force this into the back of the dog’s throat. Make sure the dog swallows normally.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF KNOWN POISONS
1. TWO-STEP OR ALDICARB
Follow the above-mentioned steps. In these poison cases, the antidote Atropine is administered intravenously. Discuss this possibility with your vet beforehand. The vet will also be able to advise you on the use of cortisone, Vitamin B and anti-histamines such as Allergex and 10mg Phenergan.
2. RAT POISON
Follow step 1 or 2 and 3. You can buy Kyrovite or Vitamin K over the counter. Again, discuss this with your vet. The injection should also preferably be administered intravenously or anally. The vet will also be able to advise you on the use of cortisone, Vitamin B and anti-histamines such as Allergex and 10mg Phenergan.
Follow the above steps. Afterwards you can rub a little bit of meat tenderiser, pineapple juice or pawpaw powder, as well as the peel of the pawpaw in the mouth of the animal to break the protein chain in the saliva. Vomiting can be managed with a paediatric Valoid suppository. Suppositories are absorbed quickly and will not be vomited out. Give the animal liquids such as Rooibos tea, nartjie flavoured Energade, water and goat milk.
4. SWALLOWED GLASS? Spread mayonnaise on a slice of bread, place 4 to 5 cotton balls on top and fill it up with more mayonnaise and fish paste or Marmite. Use scissors to cut the bread in in 1cm squares and feed it to the dog. The cotton will hook around the pieces of glass and binds it so that it will be easy for the animal to pass the glass. Afterwards administer 2 – 3 tablespoons of pharmacist’s paraffin. – SOURCE: Pierre van Niekerk © 2015
Symptoms of Poisoning
Soon after ingesting poison, the following symptoms will be visible:
• Muscle spasms and excessive spitting – the animal may appear to be shivering.
• The animal vomits blood (blood in vomit or excrement) and can also struggle to breath.
• Pupils remain small even when light is dimmed.
• Pulse and heartbeat is slower than normal.
• Less or excessive urinating, weakened muscle function.